Maps of Guangdong

Map of Guangdong

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Johomaps 2005


Map of Guangdong
  Date:   July, 05
Map format:   jpeg
Dimensions:   708 x 518 pixels (151 kb)
Copyright holder:   Jonathan Ho
Conditions:   Unlimited educational use, free download.  Free web posting with web link to


Map of the Pearl Delta

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Johomaps 2006


Transportation Map of Pearl River Delta
  Date:   Aug 2006
Map format:   jpeg
Dimensions:   1100 x 951 pixels (1.2 mb)
Copyright holder:   Johomaps!
Conditions:   All rights reserved.  Contact for permission

Pearl River Delta Rail Map

English Chinese

Johomaps 2006-10


Rail Map of Pearl River Delta
  Date:   Jan 2011 (7th Ed)
Map format:   jpeg
Dimensions:   1249 x 967 pixels (770 kb)
Copyright holder:   Johomaps!
Conditions:   All rights reserved.  Contact for permission


Guangdong Rail Map

Johomaps 2014


Rail Map of Guangdong
  Date:   Dec 2014
Map format:   jpeg
Dimensions:   1635 x 1197 pixels (705 kb)
Copyright holder:   Johomaps!
Conditions:   All rights reserved.  Contact for permission


[Metro Map of Guangzhou] [Hong Kong Road Map] [Hong Kong Metro Map]


Other names of Guangdong:
Canton (Old name), the name is also applied to the City of Guangzhou

Yue (short form)
Adjective: Cantonese (usually referring to the language)

Guangdong is a subtropical coastal province of China.  The Pearl River Delta consists of alluvial lowlands deposited by the Beijiang (the North Pearl River), the Xijiang (West Pearl River), and Dongjiang (East Pearl River).  The region has been transformed in the last 30 years from mostly rice paddies and fishing villages to a very dense urban metropolitan region.  The northern highlands and the rugged coasts are relatively sparsely inhabited (by Chinese standard). 

Historically Guangdong
had been a poor province.  Imperial China had always been dominated culturally and economically by the northern cities, or along the Changjiang (Yangtse) River, with the exception of periods of internal division, when China was divided into many separate states.  Guangdong became an area of interest by Western colonists.  The Portuguese arrived in the Pearl River Delta and soon settled in Macau in 1453 (Ming Dynasty).  The Spanish tried to establish settlements there too.  In the 1800's, the British arrived and established the opium trade, among other exchanges. China's defeat in the Opium War spelled the beginning of Hong Kong as a crown colony in 1842, followed by the official Portuguese sovereignty over Macau.  In the early 1900's, the French established a colony in Kwangchou-Wan (presently the Leizhou Peninsula).  Colonial trade made Guangdong a rich province, bringing along with it ideas of democracy and cultural influence.  The Republic of China, est. 1911, was founded by Dr. Sun Yat-Sen, a native of Zhongshan, near Macau.  He was educated in Hong Kong.  During the rule of Chairman Mao, construction of infrastructures went inlands to areas out of reach by potential Western naval invasion.  It was not until Deng Xiaoping's "Open Door" Policy that coastal Cantonese cities became affluent again.

Guangdong is almost entirely Han Chinese.  Although Mandarin is the only official language in China, the Pearl River Delta Region is culturally quite distinct, partly due to the heavy influences from Hong Kong, especially after the 1980's.  Cantonese Opera is one of the most well-preserved and well-documented forms of performing art in China.  Unlike many other Chinese local languages where Mandarin words and phrases find their way into the daily conversations, Cantonese remains distinct.  People of the Chaosan (Chiu-san, or Chiuchow) region speaks a language very similar to Minnan of Southern Fujian Province.

Guangdong Today
Guangdong has become the factory of the world.  Factories of all kinds and sizes dominate the landuse map in the Pearl River Delta Region.  As costs of labour, rent and living rises, manufacture starts to radiate out to other areas.

Problems and Challenges
The Pearl River Delta experiences very severe air pollution problems, much of it comes from illegal production of electricity by burning low-grade coal.  Water pollution and shortages have recently emerged as potential problems.  Flooding due to summer monsoon rain and typhoons pose significant risks to the people.